Ayurveda: An ancient form of medicine (begun in India more than 5,000 years ago) whose primary goal is prevention and longevity. According to Ayurvedic medicine, factors such as pulses, tastes, hair color, habits, etc. form the basis of the governing properties in the body called doshas. The three doshas include: (1) the property of movement, (2) the quality of heat and metabolism, and (3) the property of structure and solidity. Ayurvedic medicine utilizes massage, yoga, breathing exercises, nutritional counseling, etc.
Most traditionalists acknowledge Ayurveda as a part of basic Vedic Knowledge, in which it is considered as an Upa-veda (subsidiary or auxiliary Veda). Others, the modern scholars consider that though the word 'Ayurveda' though contains ‘Veda’, has nothing to do with the four Vedas.